PhD students and postdocs, as early career researchers, will be “harbingers of change” of the traditional system of academic science and publishing (Nicholas et al. 2018). Along with social media and collaboration, open science is one key factor driving this change.

Regarding the objectives of training events in terms of skills and knowledge (expertise) in a general way, it is obvious that all actions are designed to raise awareness and to provide knowledge on open science in general and on specific OS relevant topics, contributing to a better understanding and a higher expertise.

Because the PhD students and the ESR would represent for a university the key actors for promoting OS, OD, OA, besides the training itself to develop their skills in OS, they should also be trained to actively participate in the achievement / development of some training programmes / modules, at least at the PhD and ESC level.

Following this purpose, we will use a model proposed and used by LERU for the Doctoral Summer School as a model of best practice for the development of this training event. This training model that can be used also identify the needs for training for senior researchers, academics and support staff. The innovative aspects of this model consist in that both
the training needs and the routes for skills development are clearly identified. Using a matrix model that can create a picture showing us the learning needs for each category, it can be seen that there is a gradual series of learning needs, starting with postgraduate/ PhD students, and which increase in complexity as early career researchers become Senior
Researchers. One of the 5 OS directions / dimensions will be chosen as a subject for the training week (RDM is proposed).

Each consortium member will send 3 members of their doctoral programme to attend the training week, the intention being that having received training in Bucharest they could then return to their organisations and spread that knowledge to local doctoral candidates.

A certificate of attendance with the logo of the ICI RO will be distributed on the last day of the training (on the condition that students attend at least 80% of the total hours of the training). The certificate will be free of charge. The training can be accredited with ECTS credits (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) as follows: 30 h course = 3 ECTS. Each sending university from Romania, Austria, Ireland and Italy has to decide on this policy matter.